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What kind of camouflage suit should the Navy use?
Modern military camouflage clothing originated in the Army. During the wars of the early nineteenth century, there were some accounts of the origin of camouflage. In 1899, the British army invaded South Africa and engaged in the "British War" that lasted 3 years with the local Dutch descent "Boer". The Boers have fewer troops and more British soldiers. The comparison between the two sides is about 1 to 5. However, the Boers found that the British army, wearing red military uniforms, was particularly eye-catching in the green forests and savannas of South Africa, and was extremely exposed. Inspired by this, the Boers immediately changed their costumes and guns to grass green to facilitate hiding in the dense grass jungle. The Boers often approached the British army without knowing it. They suddenly attacked, and the British army was caught off guard. It was difficult for the British army to find the target in advance. Although the war ended in the victory of the British army, the British army suffered more than 90,000 casualties, far exceeding the casualties of the local Boer army. This war made all European military powers realize the importance of camouflage on the modern battlefield, and changed the color of the bright military uniforms in the past to green or yellow to achieve concealment.
After the First World War, various optical reconnaissance equipment appeared, making it difficult for soldiers wearing military uniforms of a single color to adapt to the background environment of multiple colors. In 1929, Italy developed the world's earliest camouflage uniform, which has four colors of brown, yellow, green and yellow-brown; in 1943, Germany equipped some soldiers with three-color camouflage military uniforms. Color patches, on the one hand, these patches can distort the outline of the human body; on the other hand, some of the patches are similar to the background color, and some patches are obviously different from the background color, which blocks the appearance of the human body from the visual effect. So as to achieve the effect of camouflage deformation. Modern camouflage clothes often use different colors to form irregular protective color patterns for camouflage. Camouflage clothing requires that the reflected light wave is approximately the same as the reflected light wave of the surrounding scenery, which can not only confuse the enemy's sight detection, but also deal with infrared reconnaissance, making it difficult for the enemy's modern surveillance equipment to capture the target. Most of the camouflage clothes that appeared during World War II were relatively primitive "tri-color camouflage clothes". After the war, four-color camouflage clothing became popular in Western countries.
Contemporary camouflage suits are more complex, with six-color camouflage suits, digital camouflage suits, and desert camouflage suits. Since the army has camouflage uniforms, the navy, air force, and marines of all countries also want to have their own camouflage uniforms. For example, the navies of major powers. If the navy is to be equipped with camouflage suits, it should naturally be equipped with camouflage with the ocean as its background, according to inertial thinking. But what exactly is the ocean background. The problem itself, the Hanhai Wolf Mountain (Xunnu Wolf Mountain) is regarded as a confused concept. Because the global ocean is so vast, from the Arctic Ocean to the surrounding sea area of Antarctica, the middle is a sunny tropical sea area. But the so-called ocean background of these sea areas is very different in itself. The polar regions are dark blue waters and white ice floes. The tropical sea area is also strong sunlight, deep blue water and green coconut trees. Most marine and naval powers are in the northern hemisphere, but the marine background of the northern hemisphere is also very different. There are both sea areas where the sea is deep and there are shallow sea areas that are still turbid yellow water hundreds of kilometers away from the coastline. Therefore, there is no unified standard for the so-called "ocean background". As a result, the navy powers basically assume that the default ocean background is bluish. So some navy military uniforms are bright blue, and some big navy military uniforms are darker blue. But these two kinds of marine camouflage have problems.
The first problem is that modern navies basically work on ships. Wearing camouflage clothes inside the ship is useless. If you work on a submarine, you don’t need a camouflage suit. If you are working on the surface of a surface ship, etc., most of the surface ships are bright white or dark gray. These camouflage clothes are not only invisible, but conspicuous. Second, perhaps the Marine Corps needs to be exposed and fight on land. But the bright blue ocean camouflage is more conspicuous after landing on land. Even the dark marine camouflage is very conspicuous. Third, the US Navy has concluded through practice that whether it is a bright marine camouflage or a dark marine camouflage. Once the sailors were wearing such camouflage clothes, they fell into the water. Then look up from the air and on the boat to find the difficulty of falling into the water will increase by 100 times! In order to prevent falling into the water, the orange camouflage life jacket must be put on the outside of the marine camouflage suit. In this way, the original marine camouflage is still purely furnished. The final conclusion of the US Navy is that camouflage uniforms for personnel working on ships all year round are basically useless. It is not as convenient as the daily dark blue monochrome training uniform.